California High Speed Rail – Palmdale – Banner
Galpin Motors – Banner
Valencia Town Center – Farmer’s Market – Banner
SCV Chinese School – Banner 3
Patterson’s Collision Center – Banner
Facey – Banner
Union Bank – Banner
Beyond Harmony – Banner
Newhall Land – Banner
SCV Senior Center – Touch A Truck 2015 – Banner
College Of The Canyons – Banner
Hugo Naturals – Banner
All Americans Bail Bonds – Banner
SCV Chinese School – Banner
Simply Taylored – Banner
Disneyland – Diamond Celebration – Banner
Green Convergence – Sun Power – Banner
Newhall Land – 2015 – Banner
SCV Chinese School – Banner 2
Academy Swim Club – Banner
AV Party Rental – Banner
Adage IT – Banner
Santa Clarita Autosound – Banner
IHOP – Banner
Santa Clarita Transit – Dump the Pump – Banner
Nothing Bundt Cakes – Banner
Brent’s Carpet One – Banner
Action Family Counseling – Banner
San Diego Zoo – Generic – Banner
It is forecast to be Clear at 7:00 PM PDT on May 29, 2015
Home » Santa Clarita News » Environment » SCV Outdoor Report » SCV Outdoor Report: Signal-To-Noise Ratio

SCV Outdoor Report: Signal-To-Noise Ratio

By Wendy Langhans

Sometimes an idea is too good not to borrow.  Take, for example, the concept of signal-to-noise ratio.  Audiophiles are only too familiar with a low S/N ratio – the annoying hiss, crackle, and static that disrupts their favorite piece of music.  But others, included graphic designers, have “borrowed” this mathematical equation from electrical engineering and turned it into a metaphor for describing mis-communication.  “All communication is a chain of creation, transmission, and reception of information. At each step along the way, the useful information—the signal—is degraded by extraneous or irrelevant information: the noise.”

Biologists have also borrowed this mis-communications metaphor:  what happens when a creature CHOOSES to degrade or manipulate their visual signal?  In other words, when a plant or animal wants to hide?

Don’t miss a thing. Get breaking news alerts delivered right to your inbox.

Visually, there are three ways of doing this.

Crypsis. Coloration and patterns match the surroundings or break up the visual outline of the organism.  Minimize the signal-to-noise ratio.  In other words, hide in plain sight.  Notice how the color, patterns and edges help this Western fence lizard blend into the rocky background.


Disruptive coloration.  A combination of cryptic and conspicuous colors and patterns that distract or misdirect the predator.  Keep the signal-to-noise ratio high – but only in in selected areas.  In other words, “pay no attention to the man behind the curtain”. Look at the mottled light/shadow patterns on this Anise Swallowtail.  Then notice the blue patch and tails.  Could they be misdirecting a predator away from the butterfly’s head?


Masquerade.  A high signal-to-noise reation allows the organism to be detected by the predator.  However, the signal is misleading and results in the organism being mis-identified as inedible or dangerous.  For example, this Broadwinged katydid can be easily spotted.  But it resembles a leaf and is not very appealing to a meat-eating predator.


Manipulating the signal-to-noise ratio allows animals to hide in plain sight, or misdirect or even mis-lead each other.  I can think of all sorts of ways that humans do the same thing, can’t you?


Upcoming Outdoor Events:

Saturday, March 12, 6 -8 PM, Star Stories at Towsley Canyon. We’ll be taking a journey on the celestial sidewalk of fame.  It features mythological heroes, fierce animals, navigating guides and some pretty outstanding star-light from a few million years ago.  Bring a blanket or tarp to lay on and bundle up warm.  Meet at the front parking lot.  For directions and trail maps, click here.

Trail Maintenance Schedule.  Come join our volunteers as they help maintain our trails.  Contact Steve at for time and place.

Wednesday mornings, February 2, 9, 16, 23 & March 2, 9, 16, 23, 30.

Saturday mornings, February 12, 26 & March 12, 26.

For a glimpse of our local flowering plants, check out the Facebook page, “90 Days of Santa Clarita Valley Wildflowers”.


You can listen to stories like this every Friday morning at 7:10 a.m. on “The SCV Outdoor Report”, brought to you by your hometown radio station KHTS (AM1220) and by the Mountains Recreation and Conservation Authority.

For the complete MRCA hike and activity schedule and for trail maps, click here or go to

NEW!!!  Check out the new Facebook page  – L.A. Mountains!!!

SCV Outdoor Report: Signal-To-Noise Ratio

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>

About KHTS AM 1220

All American Bail Bonds – News Banner
Beyond Harmony – News Banner
College Of The Canyons – News Banner
AV Party Rental – News Banner
Action Family Counseling – News Banner
Hugo Naturals – News Banner
Academy Swim Club – News Banner
Galpin Motors – Tile
Mannered Mutt – Tile
Patterson’s Collision Center – Tile
Santa Clarita Autosound – Tile
Newhall Land – Tile
Nothing Bundt Cakes – Tile