Chronic kidney disease(CKD) is characterized by gradual kidney function loss, which worsens with time and may lead to kidney failure. The kidney’s main function is to filter waste, toxins, and excess fluids from your blood through your urine. CKD results in the accumulation of toxins, fluids, and waste in your body, leading to serious health complications. In the USA, around 37 million people are suffering from chronic kidney disease.
Symptoms Of CKD
In most cases, patients may not notice the symptoms at an early stage. Only a few may experience some mild symptoms during the early stage. Some people only realize that they are suffering from kidney disease until their disease reaches the advanced stage. Some of the commonly seen symptoms of CKD are:
- Loss of appetite
- Sleeping issues
- Frequent urination
- Muscle cramps
- Itchy skin
- Swelling in feet and ankles
- Lack of concentration
- High blood pressure
- Difficulty breathing
- Chest pain
- Upset stomach
- Back pain
- Abdominal pain
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Though the symptoms may vary among individuals, immediately consult your doctor if you experience any of the above symptoms, as these symptoms can be a sign of severe kidney failure.
Causes Of CKD
Chronic kidney disease occurs when any disease or health condition affects your kidney’s normal functioning, worsening with time leading to kidney failure. Following are some diseases and conditions resulting in CKD:
- Glomerulonephritis, an inflammation in the glomeruli of the kidney that filters waste and toxins
- Interstitial nephritis, inflammation of the tubules of the kidneys
- High blood pressure
- Polycystic kidney disease
- Any other kidney disease inherited from parents to offspring
- Vesicoureteral reflux, backflow of urine into the kidney
Apart from the above causes, the following risk factors make you more susceptible to chronic kidney disease:
- Family background of the disease
- Cardiovascular disease
- Excess body weight
- Belonging to Black, Native American or Asian American community
- Increased age
- Certain medications that can damage your kidney
- Abnormal structure of your kidney
Complications Of CKD
As your kidney is one of the most vital body organs, any problem with it may lead to the malfunctioning of your other body parts, leading to several chronic health complications. Some of the potential complications of CKD are:
Gout is a type of arthritis that leads to severe pain and tenderness in joints. The two diseases are interrelated. Usually, the uric acid produced in your body leaves through your urine via kidneys. However, during CKD when your kidney isn’t working properly or when your body is producing too much uric acid, instead of leaving it out of the body, the uric acid gets accumulated in the blood which can affect your joints leading to gout.
Your kidney aids in the formation of red blood cells. When your kidneys are not working properly, your body gets deprived of red blood cells leading to anemia.
When your kidneys can’t filter the waste from your blood, the excess fluid starts retaining which may lead to swelling in arms and legs or fluid build up in the lungs resulting in pulmonary edema.
It is characterized by the accumulation of acid in your body. Your kidney plays a major role in maintaining the balance of acids in your body. Therefore, malfunctioned kidneys can lead to metabolic acidosis.
The kidney helps in maintaining the balance of electrolytes and fluid in your blood. Unfortunately, due to CKD, the kidney can’t perform its function well, which may result in a rise in the level of potassium in your blood, leading to heart diseases and can be lethal.
It is one of the common health complications found in patients with CKD. It is characterized by imbalanced calcium, vitamin D, and phosphorus in the body. In addition, this condition can further cause other health issues like a bone disease.
A nonfunctional kidney can’t support other body organs, too, which can lead to heart disease.
Erection Issues In Men
CKD can lead to endothelial dysfunction and is a risk factor for erection issues in men. Inability to get an erection is one of the common complications found in men with CKD. Endothelial dysfunction restricts the blood supply to the penis, causing a failed erection.
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However, cenforce 100 also shows some drug interactions, making you more susceptible to potential side effects. Therefore, it is highly advisable to take cenforce 100 on your doctor’s prescription only to save yourself from serious outcomes.
Treatment And Prevention Of CKD
The main objective of the treatment of CKD is to regain the normal functionality of your kidney by slowing down the progression of the disease. Managing the underlying cause or risk factors can help in the treatment of CKD. Following precautions and preventive measures needs to be taken to prevent or slow down the progression of chronic kidney disease:
- Maintain a healthy body weight
- Quit smoking
- Avoid excessive alcohol intake.
- Control your blood sugar levels
- Before taking prescription and non-prescription medications, read the instructions carefully provided on the patient’s leaflet
- Manage your blood pressure
- Exercise regularly for at least 30 minutes and 5 days a week
- Have a low-fat, healthy diet full of veggies, fruits, whole grains, and lean protein.
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